Evils Of Winterings In The Open Air Considered





As a great many bee-keepers will find it inconvenient, or be unable to

avail themselves of my method of wintering, it will be well enough to

see how far the evils of the open air, which we have already glanced

at, may be successfully avoided. I am told by those who have tried

wintering them in straw hives, that in this respect they are much safer

than those made of boards; probably the straw will absorb the moisture.

But as these hives are more trouble to construct, and their shape will

prevent the use of suitable boxes for surplus honey, this one advantage

will hardly balance the loss. They are said also to be more liable to

injury from the moth. We want a hive that will unite advantageously as

many points as possible.



It should be remembered that bees always need air, especially in the

cold.[19] With this in view, we will try to dispose of the vapor or

frost. If the hive is raised sufficient to let it out, it will let in

the mice; to prevent which, it should be raised only about one-fourth

of an inch. The hole in the side should be nearly covered with wire

cloth to keep out the mice; but give a passage for the bees; otherwise

they collect here, endeavoring to get out, and remain till chilled, and

thus perish by hundreds. The boxes on the top must be removed, but not

the cap or cover; the holes all opened, to let the vapor pass up into

the chamber; if this is made with perfectly close joints, so that no

air escapes, it should be raised a very little; otherwise not. The

moisture will condense on the sides and top, when it melts will follow

the sides to the bottom, and pass out; the rabbeting around the top of

the hive will prevent its getting to the holes, and down among the

bees. It will be easily comprehended, that a hole between each two

combs at the top, (as mentioned in the subject of putting on the

boxes,) will ventilate the hive much better than where there is but one

or two, or where there is a row of several, and all are between two

combs.



[19] It is presumed that the inexperienced will soon learn to

distinguish such bees, as die from old age or natural causes,

from those affected by the cold.





Evidence Of The Old Queen's Leaving Expense In Constructing Changeable Hives facebooktwittergoogle_plusredditpinterestlinkedinmail

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