How They Were Managed





I had about twenty old stocks with diseased brood, and but few bees,

yet _honey enough_. Now this honey appears healthy enough for the old

bees, and fatal only to the young brood.



I transferred the bees of these new swarms to the old stocks with black

comb and diseased brood. The bees were thus wintered on honey of but

little account any way, and all that was in the others, new and

healthy, was saved. These new hives were set in a cold dry place for

winter; _right end up_, to prevent much of the honey from dripping out

of the cells; some will leak then, but not as much as when the hive is

bottom up. Honey that runs out, when the hive is bottom up, will soak

into the wood at the base of the combs; this will have a tendency to

loosen the fastenings, and render them liable to fall, &c.



The next March the bees were again transferred from the old to the new

hives. My method is as follows: As the combs in the hive to receive the

bees are rather cold, I set them by the fire, or in a warm room, for

several hours previous. I take a warm room before a window, and as some

few bees fly off, they will collect there. The new hive is turned

bottom up on the floor; the old one on a bench by the side of it,

having smoked the bees to keep them quiet. One comb at a time is taken

out, and the bees brushed into the new hive; (a little smoke will keep

them there). When through, I get the few on the window, and tie over a

cloth to confine them, and keep them warm for a few hours longer.

Paralyzing with puff-ball will answer instead, but they do not always

all fall out of the combs when the hive is filled to the bottom, and it

is possible that if a few were left, the queen might be one. Also a

very few bees are worth saving at this season, and the combs might have

to be broken out at last, for this purpose.



When a good-sized family is put in a hive containing fifteen or twenty

pounds of honey, and near half full of clean new comb, they are about

as sure to fill up and cast a swarm, as another that is full and has

wintered a swarm.





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