Fardel





This disease is properly known by the name of clue-bound. The manyplus,

or omasum (third stomach), frequently becomes so choked up with food

that it is hard and dry, and the operation of the digestive organs is

very seriously impaired. The animal eats voraciously, for a time, but

stops suddenly and trembles; the countenance assumes a peculiarly

haggard appearance; there is a wild expression of the eye; a foaming at

the mouth; a tendency to pitch forward, and at times a falling

head-foremost to the ground. Occasionally, the symptoms are very active,

speedily terminating in death. There are few diseases of a

constitutional character in which the stomach is not, more or less,

sympathetically involved.



"Toward the end of September, 1746, a great number of cows died at

Osterwich, in the principality of Halberstadt. Lieberkuhn, a celebrated

physician,--there were no veterinary surgeons at that time,--was sent to

examine into the nature of the disease, which was supposed to be one of

the species of murrain that was then committing such ravages among the

cattle in various parts of the Continent. There were none of the tumors,

or pestilential buboes, that, in an earlier or later period of the

malady, usually accompanied and characterized murrain; but upon

inspection of the dead bodies, considerable peritoneal inflammation was

found; the first and second stomachs were filled with food, but the

third stomach was the palpable seat of the disease; its leaves were

black and gangrened. The mass contained between the leaves was black,

dry, and so hard that it could scarcely be cut with a scalpel. It

intercepted the passage of the food from the first two stomachs to the

fourth; and this latter stomach was empty and much inflamed. Neither the

heart, nor the lungs, nor the intestines exhibited any trace of disease.

Twelve cows were opened, and the appearances were nearly the same in all

of them."



Treatment.--Give one and a half pounds of Epsom-salts, dissolved in

three pints of water; or one quart of potash, three times daily,

dissolved in water, will be found useful in this disease.





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